Global Health: Health Care Trends 2016-2017 Edition
The World Health Organization (WHO) Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) reached the end of their term in 2015, and while significant strides were made, major gaps remain, and millions of the most vulnerable people are being left behind. For the first time, life expectancy for most people in the world is greater than 60. While child mortality rates in developing countries have declined, declining mortality among older adults in high-income countries, and declining fertility rates have contributed to an aging worldwide population. The recent conflict in Syria, and continued unrest in other parts of the world, contributed to the number of forcibly displaced people reaching 59.5 million in 2014, the highest ever recorded. Roughly 60% of acute diseases are transmitted to humans from insects, animals and other humans, and despite the availability of vaccinations, outbreaks of infectious diseases continue to arise, with notable recent occurrences of Ebola and Zika virus threatening large populations. Worldwide, 23% of deaths and 22% of the global burden of disease can be attributed to environmental determinants of health, figures that may be exacerbated by rising global temperatures. Obesity and diabetes rates around the world continue to rise, and an estimated 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014. This report by the AMA’s Council on Long Range Planning and Development analyzes data on health care infrastructures of developed countries and developing countries; the WHO MDGs; an aging worldwide population; forcibly displaced people; maternal and child health; infectious diseases and vaccinations; medical travel and tourism; environmental determinants of health; and obesity and diabetes to formulate predicted impacts of various trends for patients, physicians and policymakers. Should you have technical questions, please contact the AMA Unified Service Center at 800-621-8335. Should you have questions regarding the content, please contact Ken Beaver at firstname.lastname@example.org.