Health in the United States: Health Care Trends 2016-2017 Edition
The U.S. population is projected to grow more slowly in future decades than in the recent past, as these projections assume that fertility rates will continue to decline and that there will be a modest decline in the overall rate of net international migration. Millennials now represent more than one quarter of the nation’s population, which exceeds the baby boomer generation. About half of all U.S. adults have one or more chronic diseases. One of four adults has two or more chronic diseases and the U.S. health system is not performing very well in preventing hospital admissions for people with chronic diseases. While some promising progress has been made in important markers of the nation’s health, the nation continues to struggle with complex and deep-seated health concerns, such as obesity, diabetes, substance abuse, and child poverty. All-cause mortality rates in the United States have reduced for those aged 55-64, driven by decreases in death rates for cancer and heart disease. However, health disparity measures that include social determinants show dramatic differences between U.S. rural and urban counties, most notably premature death rates, for which the gap is widening. Children in poverty are 3 times more likely to have unmet health needs than other children, and poverty rates are accelerating. People with behavioral health needs made up a substantial share of all low-income uninsured individuals in states that had not expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act. Infectious diseases pose a threat and burden on our nation’s health; they can be especially severe in young children and seniors. An increasing percentage of mortality and morbidity is associated with personal behaviors, e.g., unhealthy diet, inactivity, and illicit drug abuse, which mitigate the impact of significant medical breakthroughs that have eradicated some diseases and improved treatment options for others. Life expectancy declined slightly for white Americans due to higher death rates from drug overdoses, liver disease, and suicide. Should you have technical questions, please contact the AMA Unified Service Center at 800-621-8335. Should you have questions regarding the content, please contact Susan Close at firstname.lastname@example.org.